Information on Obedience and Crate Training
Purchase a bell, or if you have one at home you can use it as follows:
Your puppy will come to a bell ringing. All pups have been trained to respond to a bell.
When you ring the bell puppies will respond by running too you. Have some kibble or treat
ready for them since they will expect a treat when they reach you. You can use this to make
them come to you. YOU can incorporate the "come here" command along with the ringing of the bell.
As you ring the bell say the pups name, followed by a happy excited toned "come here."
I have started each pups imprinting on basic obedience. This includes sits, downs, heel at the
side, quarter turns and round about finish turns or side turns. You can make it fun and continue
their obedience. They really look forward to it with each meal. When you prepare their kibble
have about 30 or 40 pieces ready to use for the obedience session. You can bait them with a
couple pieces of kibble in the palm of your hand with fingers covering/gripping kibble and only
release the kibble when they have completed their sit/down or other command you've given.
After you have finished their obedience you can continue their crate training by allowing them
to complete the rest of their food in the crate. You can leave the crate door ajar until they get
familiar with the crate.
MORE ON CRATE TRAINING, AND MAKING YOUR HOME ENVIRONMENT PUP FRIENDLY:
All puppies have been introduced to crate training. Their training starts as soon as they begin the weaning process from the mother at about 4 1/2 weeks of age.
Puppies have received a total of 3 car rides. They are more comfortable with a soft towel or blanket in the crate. This ensures they will not slip or lose their footing while riding in the crate. YOU DO NOT WANT to CREATE A BAD EXPERIENCE WHEN RIDING IN THE CAR. LINE THE CRATE WITH A TOWEL OR DOG PAD. To coax them in you may want to carry extra kibble and give a few pieces in the crate.
NEVER EVER LEAVE YOUR PUP/DOG IN A WARM/HOT CAR. MANY DOGS/PUPS PERISH EVERY YEAR DUE TO HEAT STROKE/EXHAUSTION WHEN LEFT IN A HOT CAR. CARS WILL HEAT UP QUICKLY.
Always leave some windows cracked open for fresh air. Try to find shade as much as possible. IF you go places with your pup during the warmer months, try to go as early as possible or later in the afternoon when it is cooler.
It is imperative that you ALWAYS provide fresh water in your crate/kennel for your pup. I purchase "dog pails" from petedge.com and use a double spring clasp to attach it to the inside of the crate.
Puppies can dehydrate quickly - water is essential.
Puppies learn to love their crates.
It is important not to crate them too much.
(See flyer included: "A Guide For Raising Your Puppy. ") IT has details about crate training. Also look below at my comments on "Initial Crate Training".
You can always give the pup a chew toy to keep him occupied.
Acceptable toys are ones that the pup cannot break into small pieces that he might swallow/choke on. Bully sticks are good � be sure that the pup doesn�t chew it down far enough that leaves a piece to choke on.
Initial Crate Training - "Getting your pup familiar/comfortable with the crate/dog kennel"
If you acquire one of our puppies they will already be very familiar and comfortable with their crate.
We start the crate training process the day they are started on solid food (initial wean from their mother at 4 � 5 weeks).
If you do not have a pup that has been acclimated to the crate, and he or she is very young (6 � 12 weeks), you can start to familiarize the pup with their crate. They will actually learn to love the crate and think of it as their own private den.
First you must feed the pup in their crate with every meal. Make sure that the door is open the first 5 or 6 or 10 times that you do this. After the pup races to get in the crate for their food, and you have done this several times, you can begin to close the door leaving it ajar�This must be done while you are
Feeding the pup inside � When you leave the door ajar, the pup will figure out that he can push gently on the door to get out. When you have been successful at doing this many times, you can start putting the pup in his/her crate for short periods of time. Start with 1 � 2 minutes, then 3 -4 , 5, 6, 7 etc.
You can encourage your pup to get in the crate with a handful of food or chew object. I fill a "Kong toy" (shaped like an oval ball with hole in the middle) with dog kibble, Minnie dog biscuits, kong biscuits, and if you want to really keep them occupied for a while squirt some "Kong puppy Paste� into it along with all the other goodies. They love it.! Make sure you always have something soft and comfortable for your pup to lay on� It is a good idea to leave you pups crate in an area you have specifically designated for them. (ie., a closed off section of your house, and outdoor run, etc). Make sure if you do this that the door is ajar (or remove the door if you cannot supervise). Often times the pup will go into their crate to sleep.
If you have to leave your puppy alone for a period of time make sure the area the pup is in is "puppy proofed". With our last litter of puppies we converted our extra bedroom into a mini pup den. The entire floor was covered in layer upon layer of newspaper, then an extra cover of puppy pads on top of that. Find an old comforter or blanket that they can lay on. Have lots of toys to play with available and a nice cushiony dog bed. Make sure any areas the pup might get stuck are blocked off. My husband fashioned a temporary dog door with a piece of wood to be placed across the door threshold.
Protecting Your Pups Joints and Skeletal Structure
Over the next 10 or more months your pup will be going through stages of rapid growth and development. It is extremely important to protect his/her joints and bones.
Activities to avoid:
||Keep jumping to a minimum - no jumping off stairs or landings - can ruin hips, elbows (especially if it is repetitive)
||No running with rapid stops or leaps into the air (jars joints and musculoskeletal system)
||If you throw a ball, make sure it is in close proximity to the dog so he/she does not run, slide or tumble
||AVOID any rough play with other dogs. This by far is one of the worst actions to ruin joints and/or cause spinal injury.
Reproduction, Spaying, and Neutering
In an article published on the Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Non � Surgical Contraceptive Methods of Pet Population Control. (www.acc-d.org) there is evidence presented on the effects of early spaying and neutering.
Some points brought out as follows:
||Spayed female dogs of some breeds tend to be more aggressive - I do not agree with this in regard to the GSD breed
||Early spaying of female dogs tends to lead to vaginal and urinary infections - Yes this is sometimes true...
||The study clearly presents convincing data regarding the effects of early age neutering on the development of hip dysplasia, cranial cruciate ligament rupture, long bone development, body weight, diabetes, and mammary cancer.
The point to take home here is to wait at least a year before spaying or neutering.
Of course this is a choice you need to make in consultation with your veterinarian.
Your puppy will have a tattoo inside his/her right ear. Refer to the next page entitled, "Tattoo Numbering System," This explains what each letter/number represents.
The purpose of the tattoo is identification. It will not be necessary to chip your dog as the tattoo is a way of ID�ing your dog. - ALTHOUGH many feel it is a good idea to chip their dog - so this is your choice.
The tattoo number is registered with the USA (United Schutzhund Clubs of America), and the SV (Vereine fur Deutsche Shaferhunde) in Germany.
Important things to know about your dog�s new tattoo:
Your pup received his tattoo on ________.
The following applies to the tattooing:
||The ink in your dogs tattoo is green in color. It can be reactivated with water. Try to avoid getting your dogs ears wet.
||The ink can stain fabric, upholstery etc. and it is permanent.
||Do not wash/clean the ink from the inside of the pup�s ear.
||The inside of the ear, around the area of the dots where ink is embedded for the tattoo can be gently cleansed with water after 3 weeks but do not disturb the area where the tattoo is.
All pups will need more supervision throughout their puppy hood with potty training. 8 to 12 weeks of age is the best time to start potty training. Times to watch for when the "need" will arise:
||Immediately after awakening � usually will need to go out right away.
||Immediately after eating
The pup will sometimes "clue you in" when he/she starts sniffing the ground walking about in a circle. Pick pup up and carry outside. You can use a command word to indicate that you want the pup to go like "go, go go," "go potty" or " good pup go go." Eventually you will have the pup going on command. When praise is given reinforcing the learned behavior your pup will pick it up quickly.
Potty training aids you will find useful.
****Newspaper**** � I have used newspaper in the pups kennel areas. They will go on paper if it is nearby. Have an area you want the pup to go to lined with paper. You can transition and shred some paper to an area you would like the pup to eliminate outside.
Shredded pine � I will provide you with a sample of shredded pine. Pups will be very familiar with this since they have been using it to eliminate on in their run. It would be a good idea to have this in your run/kennel area as well. Or if you do not have a run set up, you can place some of the pine material in a specific area of your yard where you want your pup to go.
Clean �up products:
My best advice is to purchase a product by the name of "Kids and Pets." I have used many products over the years and find this one to be the best. You can use it on most surfaces, even hardwood floors. You can purchase it at most Albertsons stores. It can be found in the cleaning isle.
Kids and Pets may not be available, so Nature's Miracle is the next best. It can be found at most pet supply stores.
If there is an accident and you do not have any of the above products, you can always pour Club Soda on the urine spot, and it will fizz the chemical / odor to the surface of the carpet, then place a towel over the spot and dab the towel over it to soak up most of the moisture. This really works, I have used in areas where I have thicker carpets.
Other documents soon to be added:
Vaccination schedule, recommendations from the experts. "What vaccinations do I really need??" - Recent evidence points to the fact that we OVER vaccinate our dogs - this has led to immune problems
ARTICLE: Dealing with Normal Puppy Behavior: Nipping and Rough Play - Great article which provides tips on how to curb the pups habit of wanting to bite or nip AND decrease pups jumping behavior
Household safety tip documents: Poisonous plants, and products,
ARTICLES (2): On puppy growth and development: 1) Developmental Stages of Puppy Behavior (From Humane Society), and 2) Social Development of Puppies, Early Social Investment Pays Major Dividends - (excellent article written by Veterinarian Wayne Hunthausen).
Information on flea and parasite control
The Ten Commandments of Obedience Training - A great handout on obedience tips.
A word about De-worming:
All pups have been treated for worms. We do this early on from 3 - 6 weeks of age.